5 Ozempic Foods to Avoid and 5 You Should Eat (2022)

Article Contents

  • What is Ozempic?
  • How does Ozempic work?
  • Foods to avoid while taking Ozempic
  • What foods should you eat while taking Ozempic?
  • Are there any other things to avoid while taking Ozempic?
  • Should you take Ozempic with food?
  • Best time to take Ozempic
  • Any other safety concerns?
  • Conclusion

Diabetes medications have come a long way in recent decades.

One of the newer and increasingly popular classes of diabetes medications are GLP-1 receptor agonists, which include the drug Ozempic.

If you’re prescribed Ozempic to treat your type 2 diabetes, is there a specific diet you should follow? Keep reading to find out.

What is Ozempic?

Ozempic is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It’s a type of GLP-1 receptor agonist whose drug name is semaglutide. Ozempic isn’t for patients with type 1 diabetes.

Ozempic is an injectable type 2 diabetes medication. It’s meant to be taken once weekly instead of daily, which is one of its advantages.

Ozempic may also help you lose weight. Patients taking medication like Ozempic lose an average of 3-5.5 pounds, but you may notice more weight loss if you make healthy lifestyle changes as well.

The typical dose of Ozempic is 0.25 milligrams once weekly for four weeks, then 0.5 milligrams weekly for at least four weeks. If blood sugar targets aren’t being met with 0.5 milligrams weekly, the dose can be increased to a maximum of 1 milligram weekly.

How does Ozempic work?

If you have type 2 diabetes, your body likely doesn’t produce enough or respond to the hormone insulin. Insulin helps lower blood glucose (blood sugar) levels when they rise.

(Video) Ozempic Foods to Avoid - What to Eat While on Ozempic?

Ozempic is a part of a drug class called GLP-1 receptor agonists. GLP-1 receptors in your pancreas help increase insulin secretion while reducing glucagon secretion, a hormone that raises blood sugar levels. GLP-1 receptor agonists activate these receptors to help control blood sugar levels.

Ozempic weight loss may occur because the medication helps reduce hunger and promotes fullness by slowing stomach emptying.

Foods to avoid while taking Ozempic

There aren’t any specific foods you should avoid while taking Ozempic. However, to maintain healthy blood sugar levels, it’s recommended to limit or avoid some of the following foods while you’re receiving Ozempic treatment:

1. Refined grains

Refined grains are stripped of their nutrient- and fiber-rich parts, leaving behind a lower-fiber, lower-nutrient grain. These types of grains are more likely to raise your blood sugar levels. Refined grains can also impact your cholesterol levels and heart health.

White bagels, flour tortillas, white bread, and white rice are just a few examples of refined grains to avoid on an Ozempic diet.

2. Foods with added sugar

Added sugar isn’t always easy to spot. Sugar is added to foods that might otherwise seem healthy, like yogurt, dried fruit, some nutrition bars, and granola.

Check the nutrition facts label and try to avoid eating foods with more than five grams of added sugar per serving often, or at least watch your portion sizes. Aim to keep your added sugar intake below 30 grams per day on an Ozempic diet.

3. Fried foods

Ozempic may cause nausea and stomach upset, especially as your body is getting used to it. If you experience nausea from taking Ozempic, you should avoid fried foods.

Other things that can help ease nausea include eating bland, dry foods, choosing cold foods, and eating smaller meals throughout the day.

4. Sugary drinks

Sugary beverages are the leading contributor of added sugar in a typical Western diet. Drinks like soda, sweetened teas, sugary coffee drinks, energy drinks, and many more are very high in added sugar.

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Regularly drinking sugary drinks can make it difficult to manage your blood sugar levels. Poorly-controlled diabetes can lead to complications like diabetic retinopathy (eye damage), nerve damage, and heart disease.

5. Alcohol

Alcohol isn’t forbidden on an Ozempic diet, but you should take caution when drinking alcohol on any diabetes medication. It can lower your blood sugar by reducing the amount of sugar released by your liver. Ozempic helps lower your blood sugar, so combining the two could lead to low blood sugar.

If you choose to include alcohol in your Ozempic diet, then be sure to eat a meal when you drink and try to avoid having more than one drink a day for women and more than two drinks a day for men.

What foods should you eat while taking Ozempic?

1. Non-starchy vegetables

Most vegetables are low in carbs and rich in fiber, so they don’t raise blood sugar levels significantly. Vegetables are also a great source of vitamins and minerals.

Aim to include plenty of non-starchy vegetables in an Ozempic diet, such as:

  • Artichoke
  • Asparagus
  • Beans (green, wax, Italian)
  • Beets
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage (green, bok choy, Chinese)
  • Carrots
  • Cauliflower
  • Eggplant
  • Green leafy vegetables (collard, kale, mustard, turnip)
  • Jicama
  • Kohlrabi
  • Leeks
  • Mushrooms
  • Okra
  • Onions
  • Peapods
  • Peppers
  • Radishes
  • Rutabaga
  • Salad greens (chicory, endive, escarole, lettuce, romaine, spinach, arugula, radicchio, watercress)
  • Sprouts
  • Squash (cushaw, summer, crookneck, spaghetti, zucchini)
  • Sugar snap peas
  • Swiss chard
  • Tomatoes
  • Turnips

2. Whole grains

Grains are a type of carbohydrate, which are nutrients that turn into blood sugar. However, whole grains are considered “healthy” carbs to include in your Ozempic diet.

Whole grains are rich in fiber, a type of carbohydrate that doesn’t raise your blood sugar level. The higher the fiber content, the less impact the food will have on your blood sugar.

A few examples of whole grains are oatmeal, brown rice, whole wheat bread, bulgur, barley, and whole-wheat pasta. Whole grains are also richer in protein than refined grains like white rice and white bread.

3. Nuts

Nuts are composed mainly of healthy unsaturated fats as well as protein and fiber. These healthy fats can help improve your heart health as well.

Eating a diet rich in heart-healthy fats may help reduce your risk of heart disease, including heart attack and stroke.

(Video) Top 10 Common Foods You're Eating Wrong!

Fats and protein don’t raise your blood sugar, so they can be beneficial in an Ozempic diet. You should include protein with all meals and snacks to support stable blood sugar levels.

Eating protein and fat with carbohydrates can help slow the rise in blood glucose after eating. For example, eating a handful of nuts along with some fresh fruit will likely raise blood sugar less than eating fruit alone.

4. Protein-rich foods

According to the Plate Method for Diabetes, one-quarter of your plate should consist of protein at meals, and the same is true for an Ozempic diet. Protein doesn’t raise your blood sugar significantly, and it helps boost satiety, which means it can help you stay fuller between meals.

Good sources of protein:

  • Animal products like chicken, fish, and eggs
  • Quinoa
  • Chickpeas
  • Lentils
  • Spirulina
  • Oats

5. Legumes

Legumes like beans and lentils are a great plant-based source of protein. They’re also packed with fiber and beneficial nutrients like iron, magnesium, and folate.

Legumes are a type of starchy vegetable, so they contain more carbs than nonstarchy vegetables. Balancing legumes with non-starchy vegetables and protein can help prevent a spike in blood sugar levels from eating starchy vegetables.

Are there any other things to avoid while taking Ozempic?

  • Taking Ozempic with injectable insulin or sulfonylureas could result in low blood sugar, but it isn’t contraindicated to take Ozempic with these medications.
  • You should avoid drinking excessive amounts of alcohol while taking Ozempic. While rare, there is a risk of pancreatitis (inflammation of your pancreas) while taking Ozempic.

Binge drinking and chronic, heavy alcohol use increases your risk of pancreatitis, which is why you should be careful about how much alcohol you consume while on Ozempic.

Should you take Ozempic with food?

Ozempic can be taken with or without food, according to the drug manufacturer.

Best time to take Ozempic

The best time to take Ozempic is on the same day every week. If you want to change the day of the week you take your Ozempic injection, you can, as long as it’s been at least two days since your last Ozempic dose.

If you miss a dose of Ozempic, you can take it within five days after the missed dose. But if it’s been longer than five days, skip the missed dose and take your next dose as scheduled.

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5 Ozempic Foods to Avoid and 5 You Should Eat (3)

Any other safety concerns?

Side effects of Ozempic

As with any medication, there are potential side effects from taking Ozempic. The most common side effects reported among patients taking Ozempic include:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Constipation

You should contact your healthcare provider if you experience any of the following side effects from taking Ozempic:

  • A change in vision – Ozempic is associated with a higher rate of diabetic retinopathy compared to other types of diabetes medications.
  • Severe stomach pain that won’t go away (could be pancreatitis).
  • Low blood sugar.
  • Symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat; problems breathing or swallowing; severe rash or itching; fainting or feeling dizzy; or very rapid heartbeat.

Ozempic causes delayed stomach emptying, which may worsen symptoms in patients with gastroparesis. (If you have gastroparesis, you should avoid high-fat, high-fiber foods.)

Possible thyroid cancer

There is a chance that Ozempic may cause thyroid cancer. You shouldn’t take Ozempic if you have a history of thyroid cancer or a thyroid tumor.

You should also avoid taking Ozempic if anyone in your family has a history of medullary thyroid carcinoma, a type of thyroid cancer.

Pregnancy and lactation

Taking Ozempic during pregnancy could harm your unborn baby, so you should stop taking it two months before you plan to get pregnant. It’s recommended to avoid taking Ozempic while breastfeeding as well.

Conclusion

An Ozempic diet is one that also helps prevent high blood sugar. If you’re taking Ozempic, aim to include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats, and protein-rich foods in your diet. Avoid refined grains, large amounts of added sugar, excessive alcohol intake, and fried foods while taking Ozempic.

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FAQs

What foods should you avoid while taking Ozempic? ›

Ozempic is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes and consuming some types of foods may contribute to raising your blood sugar levels.
...
Avoid foods that are high-fat, sugary, and calorie-dense, for example:
  • fast food.
  • junk food.
  • processed food.
  • soda.
  • alcohol.
  • cake.
  • cookies.
  • pastries.

What should I eat while on Ozempic? ›

According the the manufacturer, patients taking Ozempic® who experience nausea should consider the following tips:
  • Eat slowly, and eat smaller meals.
  • Eat foods that are light and bland.
  • Drink clear or ice-cold drinks (like water or unsweetened tea)
  • Avoid fried, greasy, or sweet foods.

Can I eat normally on Ozempic? ›

No, you don't have to avoid any specific foods during your Ozempic treatment. Also, the drug can be taken with or without food. However, Ozempic is used to improve blood sugar levels in adults with type 2 diabetes, and it's used along with diet and exercise.

Can I drink a glass of wine while taking Ozempic? ›

If you're just starting treatment with Ozempic, your healthcare provider may recommend you avoid drinking any alcohol. Initially, your dosage will vary and may need to be increased over time to control your blood sugar levels. The process of adjusting the initial dosage can take up to 12 weeks.

How do you get the best results in Ozempic? ›

How to maximize Ozempic benefits
  1. Inject Ozempic pre-filled pens on the same day each week. ...
  2. Inspect the pre-filled pen before each injection. ...
  3. Store Ozempic in the refrigerator before using. ...
  4. Take Ozempic with or without food. ...
  5. Use caution when drinking alcohol. ...
  6. Review all medications with a healthcare professional.
6 Mar 2022

Does Ozempic cause hair loss? ›

Is hair loss a side effect of Ozempic? No, hair loss wasn't reported as a side effect by people taking Ozempic in clinical studies. But hair loss and hair thinning may occur in people who have diabetes and consistently high blood sugar levels. If you have questions about hair loss, talk with your doctor or pharmacist.

Why do I feel so sick on Ozempic? ›

Like other GLP-1 RAs, a common side-effect of Ozempic is the slowing down of stomach emptying. In addition, mild to moderate stomach upset and nausea may occur. These symptoms usually go away within a few weeks from starting Ozempic. To reduce the indigestion symptoms, eat smaller food portions throughout the day.

Can Ozempic make you tired? ›

Swelling/redness/itching at the injection site, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation may occur.

What happens if you eat too much on Ozempic? ›

If you take too much Ozempic, you could develop severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). In the event of an overdose, call your healthcare provider right away and monitor for signs and symptoms of low blood sugar using a glucometer. Call 911 if you have severe symptoms that are not improving with consuming carbohydrates.

What happens if you eat sugar on Ozempic? ›

Food that is high in sugar may also increase the risk of nausea or other possible gastrointestinal side effects when taking Ozempic. If you have type 2 diabetes or other health conditions, including elevated A1C levels, high cholesterol, or high blood pressure, you may want to avoid sugary foods for health reasons.

Can you eat sweets while on Ozempic? ›

According to the makers of Ozempic, people who are experiencing nausea while taking this drug should avoid foods that are sweet, greasy, or fried and take these approaches at meal time (Novo Nordisk, 2022-a): Eating slowly. Eating smaller meals. Eating foods that are bland and light.

Is it better to take Ozempic in the morning or at night? ›

You should administer your Ozempic injection on the same day each week. However, you can give the injection at any time of day, with or without meals.

How long do you stay on Ozempic for weight loss? ›

In the phase 3 trial that measured outcomes at 20 weeks, most participants were able to reach the full dose and also lost weight as their dose was increased. They saw additional weight loss over the remaining 48 weeks at the full dose.

Does Ozempic increase anxiety? ›

In rare cases, the use of Ozempic may cause anxiety and mood swings, irritability, shakiness, and confusion. However, when you take other medications along with Ozempic, it may escalate anxiety or mood change.

What is the best time of the day to take Ozempic? ›

What is the best time to take Ozempic®? Administer Ozempic® once weekly on the same day each week, at any time of the day, with or without meals.

How do I know if Ozempic is working? ›

Your blood sugar levels should start to fully decline within the first week after you start using Ozempic (semaglutide) at your regular maintenance dose. However, the full effects can take 8 weeks or longer, as this is a long-acting medication that is injected only once per week.

Does .25 Ozempic do anything? ›

Ozempic® Dosing

Ozempic® is taken once a week, exactly as prescribed by your health care provider, along with diet and exercise, to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. The beginning dose is 0.25 mg once a week for the first 4 weeks. This will help give your body a chance to get used to the medicine.

Which is better metformin or Ozempic? ›

Ozempic slows digestion, stimulates insulin release, and lowers the amount of glucose the liver releases. Metformin decreases how much sugar the intestines absorb, lowers the amount of glucose made in the liver, and improves insulin sensitivity.

Do you regain weight after stopping Ozempic? ›

Findings from this study suggest that discontinuation of semaglutide is associated with weight gain and may be associated with reversal of cardiovascular benefits seen while on this therapy.

Can Ozempic affect your eyes? ›

Results : Among 2109 adverse events associated with Ozempic since 2018, there were 140 adverse ocular events of note, with 23 cases of diabetic retinopathy, 4 cases of macular complications, and 47 cases of blurred vision.

How much weight will I lose on Ozempic? ›

Ozempic isn't currently approved for weight loss in people without diabetes. But across most of the phase 3 trials studying it for this purpose, study results showed a 15% to 18% weight loss in adults who were overweight or obese. Treatment duration in all four phase 3 trials was 68 weeks.

Does Ozempic cause depression? ›

It may also cause some people to have suicidal thoughts and tendencies or to become more depressed.

Does diarrhea from Ozempic go away? ›

Semaglutide (Ozempic, Wegovy, Rybelsus) can cause side effects that some people are unable to tolerate. Following dosing guidelines can help manage these side effects. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are the most common semaglutide side effects. But they usually subside after a few weeks of using the medication.

How do you get rid of nausea fast? ›

Do
  1. get plenty of fresh air.
  2. distract yourself – for example, listen to music or watch a film.
  3. take regular sips of a cold drink.
  4. drink ginger or peppermint tea.
  5. eat foods containing ginger – such as ginger biscuits.
  6. eat smaller, more frequent meals.

Does Ozempic raise blood pressure? ›

Apart from lowering blood sugar levels, Ozempic can also aid with weight loss, appetite suppression and lower blood pressure levels.

Does Ozempic cause heart problems? ›

Heart problems: This medication may increase heart rate and may affect how electrical impulses travel through the heart muscle.

Does Ozempic make you constipated? ›

Constipation was a common side effect of Ozempic in clinical studies. Symptoms of constipation include: bloating or swelling in your abdomen. cramping or pain in your abdomen.

What happens if you don't refrigerate Ozempic? ›

Keep in mind that Ozempic is sensitive to extreme temperatures. If the pen is exposed to temperatures higher than 86°F (30°C), it can go bad and will no longer be safe to use.

What is the best place to inject Ozempic? ›

The best places on your body to inject Ozempic® are the front of your thighs, the front of your waist (abdomen) or your upper arms. It is recommended that you rotate your injection site each time you inject. After 4 weeks, your dose should be increased to 0.5 mg once a week, unless otherwise informed by your doctor.

What is the cost of Ozempic without insurance? ›

How much does Ozempic cost without insurance? Uninsured patients can expect to pay $1,368 for a single 2 mg/1.5 mL pen injector (eight 0.25 mg doses or four 0.5 mg doses) or $1,205 for a single 4 mg/3 mL pen injector (four 1 mg doses). That's about $170 to $342 per weekly dose depending on the dosage prescribed.

Does Ozempic start working right away? ›

Ozempic starts to work shortly after it's been injected. After you start using Ozempic, your body may take several weeks to get used to it and to get the full benefit. Depending on how you're doing with Ozempic, your doctor may then adjust your dose.

Does Ozempic curb your appetite? ›

Novo Nordisk's semaglutide compound, under the brand name Ozempic, is designed to act in the body similarly to the hormone glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). Traditionally taken once a week via injection, this GLP-1 hormone receptor agonist works in the body by regulating insulin secretion and suppressing appetite.

Does Ozempic interact with other medications? ›

Insulin medications may interact with Ozempic, increasing your risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Interaction result. Both Ozempic and insulin medications can cause low blood sugar. Using these medications together could increase your risk of this side effect or cause severely low blood sugar.

How long is Ozempic good for in the fridge? ›

The Ozempic pen you are using should be disposed of (thrown away) after 56 days (whether kept in the refrigerator or at room temperature), even if it still has Ozempic left in it.

How do I quit Ozempic? ›

If necessary you can change the day of your weekly injection of OZEMPIC® as long as it has been at least 2 days since your last injection of OZEMPIC®. Do not stop using OZEMPIC® without talking to your doctor. If you stop using it, your blood sugar levels may increase.

How long do you stay on Ozempic for weight loss? ›

In the phase 3 trial that measured outcomes at 20 weeks, most participants were able to reach the full dose and also lost weight as their dose was increased. They saw additional weight loss over the remaining 48 weeks at the full dose.

How fast does Ozempic work for weight loss? ›

During clinical trials, adults lost an average of 9-12 lbs in 56 weeks while taking Ozempic. This article discusses Ozempic and how it may help with weight loss. You can learn how it works, as well as potential risks and side effects, so you can make an informed decision about whether it's right for you.

What is the best time of day to take Ozempic? ›

What is the best time to take Ozempic®? Administer Ozempic® once weekly on the same day each week, at any time of the day, with or without meals.

How do I know if Ozempic is working? ›

Your blood sugar levels should start to fully decline within the first week after you start using Ozempic (semaglutide) at your regular maintenance dose. However, the full effects can take 8 weeks or longer, as this is a long-acting medication that is injected only once per week.

Can Ozempic make you tired? ›

Swelling/redness/itching at the injection site, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation may occur.

Which is better Metformin or Ozempic? ›

Ozempic slows digestion, stimulates insulin release, and lowers the amount of glucose the liver releases. Metformin decreases how much sugar the intestines absorb, lowers the amount of glucose made in the liver, and improves insulin sensitivity.

Do you gain weight back after stopping Ozempic? ›

The researchers found that people who lost the most weight while taking semaglutide tended to then regain the most after stopping it, although they still retained a larger reduction from baseline than participants who had lost less weight during the treatment period.

Does .25 Ozempic do anything? ›

Ozempic® Dosing

Ozempic® is taken once a week, exactly as prescribed by your health care provider, along with diet and exercise, to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. The beginning dose is 0.25 mg once a week for the first 4 weeks. This will help give your body a chance to get used to the medicine.

Why do I feel so sick on Ozempic? ›

Like other GLP-1 RAs, a common side-effect of Ozempic is the slowing down of stomach emptying. In addition, mild to moderate stomach upset and nausea may occur. These symptoms usually go away within a few weeks from starting Ozempic. To reduce the indigestion symptoms, eat smaller food portions throughout the day.

Can a non diabetic take Ozempic for weight loss? ›

Ozempic isn't currently approved for weight loss in people without diabetes.

What happens if you don't refrigerate Ozempic? ›

Keep in mind that Ozempic is sensitive to extreme temperatures. If the pen is exposed to temperatures higher than 86°F (30°C), it can go bad and will no longer be safe to use.

How do I quit Ozempic? ›

If necessary you can change the day of your weekly injection of OZEMPIC® as long as it has been at least 2 days since your last injection of OZEMPIC®. Do not stop using OZEMPIC® without talking to your doctor. If you stop using it, your blood sugar levels may increase.

How long is Ozempic good for in the fridge? ›

The Ozempic pen you are using should be disposed of (thrown away) after 56 days (whether kept in the refrigerator or at room temperature), even if it still has Ozempic left in it.

Does Ozempic cause anxiety? ›

8. Can Ozempic cause mood swings? In rare cases, the use of Ozempic may cause anxiety and mood swings, irritability, shakiness, and confusion. However, when you take other medications along with Ozempic, it may escalate anxiety or mood change.

How long does it take for Ozempic to kick in? ›

How long does it take for Ozempic (Semaglutide) to start working? It may take Ozempic (Semaglutide) up to 5 weeks to start lowering your blood glucose levels but the maximum effect will not been seen for 3-6 months.

Does Ozempic start working right away? ›

Ozempic starts to work shortly after it's been injected. After you start using Ozempic, your body may take several weeks to get used to it and to get the full benefit. Depending on how you're doing with Ozempic, your doctor may then adjust your dose.

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