Dental or tooth abscess: treatment, home remedy, symptoms & causes (2022)

A dental abscess is an infection with pus localized around the tip of the tooth root (apex) due to bacteria that killed the dental pulp and try to spread outside the tooth canal. There are two most common abscess types: periapical abscess which affects the end of a tooth and the periodontal abscess that forms in the gingival tissue.

Statistics reveal that caries, broken teeth (trauma), severe gum disease (periodontitis) or a failed root canal treatment are the most frequent dental abscess causes.

Pain, redness, swelling and bad breath are the most common dental abscess symptoms usually treated with antibiotics like: amoxicillin, augmentin, keflex. Antibiotics are also useful to avoid the tooth infection spreads to the neck, maxillary sinus, jaw joint or ear.

Natural home remedies and over the counter medication are useful as pain relief or mouth disinfection (hydrogen peroxide). To lower the pressure inside the bump, your dentist may decide to drain the tooth abscess making the pus coming out. It can be a painful procedure but once done you will feel much more better.

In some cases there are risk factors that can worse the disease (diabetes, HIV).

The tooth abscess during pregnancy or breastfeeding has to be treated by a doctor instead of using home remedies.

Abscessed tooth symptoms

Cheek redness and swelling

The most characteristic dental abscess symptom is the swollen cheek. That is caused either by the pus accumulation and the increased blood quantity. In fact, the immune defenses (white blood cells) are transported by the bloodstream, which is why the infected area swells up and turns red or purple.

Gum boil with yellow or white head

A small to medium bump with a gum boil inside the mouth close to the tip of the dental element root. Usually referred as “yellow or white head”.

Bitter taste in your mouth

When the pus comes out from the abscess that drains on its own or because of the dentist treatment, you may feel a bitter unpleasant taste in your mouth. It is temporary and to get rid of that you just need to rinse your mouth with water or using an antibacterial mouthwash with chlorhexidine.

Ear, jaw and neck pain

some patients reported a mild to acute pain that affected their ear, jaw and neck on the same side as the affected tooth or gum.

Pain gets worse at night

This happens because of the position of your body. When you lay in the bed, the blood pressure in your infected tooth increase pressing against the nerve located in the tissue pulp within the dental root canal. To relieve the pain caused by the periodontal abscess you should put a couple of pillows behind your head.

Bad breath caused by pus

You may feel bad breath in the mouth (halitosis) coming from the infection area due to the pus and necrotic tissue smell.

Increased sensitivity to hot or cold drink and food

If your abscess is caused by a broken tooth or a deep caries, the toothache can suddenly come on or get worse if you drink or eat too hot or cold food that’s because the dental nerve is leaved uncovered.

Difficulty to chew and swallow

The abscess symptoms listed above are the most common but there are additional signs to be taken into account.

(Video) Dentist Explains a Tooth Abscess | How to Cure an Abscess Tooth

If leaved untreated, the infection spreads causing you:

  • Fever;
  • Difficulty to wide open the mouth or swallow
    That happens because the tooth infection affects the jaw joint ;
  • Swollen neck lymph nodes.
  • Nausea;
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • jaw numbness;
  • generally unwell feeling.

How dentists treat a tooth infection ?

Diagnosis

The tooth abscess diagnosis is done by the dentist proceeding by steps;

  • The doctor will first collect the signs and symptoms reported by the patient;
  • The second step of the diagnosis involves the sensitive test. The endodontist will tab vertically on the painful tooth using the handle of the dental mirror. An abscessed tooth, in fact, is usually very sensitive to touches or pressure;
  • At this point the X-Ray exam can show the dentist how far the infection spread and whether a fistula or a cyst formed or not.
  • If the infection has already spread to other zones like neck or jaw joint, the X-Ray is not enough and the doctor usually prefers to rely on the CT scan.

Once the diagnosis is complete and the dentist has the whole clinical picture, it’s time to proceed with the most appropriate tooth abscess treatment or therapy.

Pus drainage procedure

The first goal of the dental abscess treatment is to reduce the pressure inside the swelling.

In order to drain the abscess a little cut of the tissue or boil is required. The dentist will then gently squeeze the bump to make the pus coming out. As soon as the pus starts to exit the pressure decreases and the pain calms down but it doesn’t mean that the problem is solved. The infected and necrotic tissue is still there and it is necessary to remove it to avoid the infection restarts again.

Root canal treatment or re-treatment

Since a deep caries is the most common cause of the infection of the pulp within a dental element, the root canal is the conventional dental abscesses treatment.

After providing you with the local anesthesia, the endodontist opens a little hole in the crown enamel to access the pulp chamber.

With the help of manual tools the specialist will remove nerves, blood vessels, died cells and the infected necrotic material from the inside the affected tooth.

In order to disinfect the root canal and to kill bacteria, usually sodium hypochlorite is injected in the tooth and immediately reabsorbed.

At the end of the canal therapy the dentist closes the canal using a temporary filling and a prosthetic crown. To complete the procedure a few medication are required.

When the infection is completely removed it is possible to close the hole using a special filling called gutta-percha.

In case the doctor doesn’t totally remove bacteria from the abscessed tooth, after some time the infection restarts again that’s why a second canal therapy is needed. This second procedure is called “root canal re-treatment”.

Apicoectomy

When the abscess affects posterior teeth like molar or premolar, it is more difficult to remove all the infected material accessing the area from the tooth enamel.

(Video) Home Remedy for an Abscessed Tooth

In this particular case some dentists prefer the apicoectomy approach instead of the root canal. In other words, instead to drill the crown, the endodontist cuts the gum and makes a small hole in the bone to reach the infected area by accessing the opposite side.

Tooth extraction

In case of the tooth is completely damaged by the caries and the dental abscess spread all around, the last chance is the tooth extraction and the disinfection of the hole leaved by the removed dental element (“alveolar socket” is the correct medical term).

Antibiotic and antibacterial mouthwash

This is a controversial topic in the dentistry field because some doctors believe that antibiotics are necessary to fight the tooth infection caused by an abscess while others consider them useless and harmful.

In order to provide you with the most complete information about antibiotics for tooth abscess treatment, please, follow the previous link and you’ll find an exhaustive list of common antibiotics the dentist may prescribe you. Please, in case you are pregnant and suffer because a dental abscess, let your doctor know about your condition before to take any drugs.

Over-the-counter pain killers and medication

  • Ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin);
  • Paracetamol.

Antibacterial mouthwash

  • Listerine;
  • Corsodyl;
  • Chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash (0.2%).

7 tooth abscess treatment and home remedies

1) Salt water oral rinse

Salt water is the most old and used abscess home remedy simply because it works especially at the early dental infection stage. So as soon as you recognize the firsts abscess symptoms you can put a tablespoon of salt in half glass of warm water and mix until the salt is completely melted. Rinse your mouth for 2 minutes paying attention to focus on the infected area. The salt properties are helpful to kill the bacteria and to promote the healing.

2) Hydrogen Peroxide-containing homemade mouthwash

Hydrogen peroxide is an affordable natural tooth abscess home remedy. It contains hydrogen and oxygen mixed in different diluted percentages (the most common is 3%). Hydrogen peroxide is well known for its antiseptic and antibacterial properties that are ideal for treating an abscess.

How to use it ?

Just fill half of a coffee cup with 50% of hydrogen peroxide and 50% of plain water and mix the two ingredients. After brushing and flossing use the prepared solution to rinse your mouth as you usually do with your daily mouthwash.

Pay attention to not swallow hydrogen peroxide because it may cause you side effects like diarrhea and stomach pain. To see the first results, you should repeat the procedure three times a day for 1 week and then just twice a day.

3) Oil pulling as treatment for abscessed tooth

Oil pulling is an additional effective home remedy to get rid of tooth abscess pain and infection. The procedure is very easy and it should be repeated several times along the day for 2 weeks.

You just need to put a half teaspoon of a good essential oil in your mouth and swish it around teeth and gums. There is a chemical attraction between the essential oil and the bacteria membrane so they remain trapped in the oil and removed from your oral cavity as soon as you spit it.

Which essential oil should you buy ? there are several types of oil you can use but the most used for pulling are: olive oil, sesame or coconut oil.

In order to calm down the sore spot. coconut oil can also be used to gently massage the painful gum tissue with your finger.

4) Whiskey, vodka or pure alcohol rinse

Rinse your mouth with whiskey or pure alcohol. This is a granny’s abscess remedy indicated to relieve the pain caused by tooth infection. Alcohol acts its anesthetic and antibacterial effect, relieves pain and partly removes bacteria. Alcohol should not be swallowed, rather hold it in the mouth for 30 seconds, then spit it out. Many doctors are against this remedy for the irritating effect of alcohol on the oral mucosa.

(Video) What can you do for a tooth abscess at home? (Now)

5) Colloidal silver (CS) for a proven tooth abscess treatment

Colloidal silver is an effective tooth abscess home remedy. It can be used either locally or internally.
For the topical use you can choose from:

  • Rinse the mouth with a tablespoon of this type of silver for 4 to 6 min every 5 hours or more frequently in case of severe pain.
  • Spray: you should apply it directly to the painful zone;
  • Abscess plug: put a small amount of CS on a gauze and apply it to the tooth or swelling that causes pain.

6) Black Tea Bag

Why black tea can be a proved abscess home remedy ? The point is that black tea contains polyphenols and tannins that have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. so applying a tea bag on the dental abscess you can get a double result. First, tannins reduce the dental infection so your pain will decrease. Second, the black tea ingredients will kill the oral bacteria that cause tooth decay and bad breath.

How does it works ?

  1. First you need to put a black tea bag in a cup with warm water for 5 min;
  2. When the content of the bag is completely wet, put it on the area of ​​the abscess and gently press the bag itself.

The tea and its curative ingredients can reach the infected tissue and start to relieve the pain as well as to kill the bacteria.

7) Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar is well known as home remedy for an abscessed tooth. Its anti-inflammatory and disinfectant properties help to keep under control pain and inflammation.

Laser therapy for abscessed tooth infection

As mentioned above, the most important goal treating an abscessed tooth is the infection removal. This means that the dentist had to be sure that no bacteria or infected tissue has been left in the tooth canal.

It is very hard to reach that goal using manual or mechanical dental instruments due to the root shapes that often are irregular (“S” shape).

Here is where the laser makes the difference and can be the definitive method to treat the tooth abscess. Unlike conventional dental instruments, the laser has two main feature:

  • can target both aerobic and anaerobic bacteria that caused the tooth infection and decontaminate the surrounding area;
  • has a biostimulatory effects: it accelerates the healing response with minimal pain and swelling following the procedure

The laser therapy in tooth abscess treatment, represents a complementary procedure that complete the conventional protocol and it is not an alternative to the standard one.

How long does it take for an infected tooth to heal ?

This is a very hard question to answer because it depends on the infection severity, how badly damaged the tooth is and the dental abscess treatment your dentist thinks is required.

After the draining procedure that lets the pus coming out, the cheek swelling starts to decrease as well as the pain. If you follow the doctor instructions, after two or three days, the drainage from the abscess should be minimal to none. All sores should heal in 10-14 days.

Even if the bump, the swelling and the sore disappear it doesn’t mean that the periapical pathology is solved. You still need medication or surgery treatment to save your tooth or to get it removed.

How much is abscess removal cost (no insurance) ?

The price for dentistry procedures can easily scare patients because we all know that dentists are expensive especially for people without insurance.

So what is the dental abscess removal cost in the US ? A quick answer is: $700 to $5,500 !

(Video) Home remedy for abscess tooth | Gum abscess: Everything you need to know

I think you are asking yourself why so much difference. The point is that, as seen above in this article, abscess treatments are different and it depends on which one is the best to solve your case.

The most affordable price is related to the initial visit, x-ray exam to get the clinical picture and the cure of the cavity that caused the infection.

If that is not enough the doctor has to go with the root canal treatment to get rid the bacteria from the dental root and preserve the tooth. This is the case where the abscess removal cost will be the most expensive because you also need a prosthetic crown in place of the natural one.

Does the insurance cover the cost of dental abscess treatment ?

The dental infection therapy is usually included in the basic health insurance and the dental infection treatment cost depends on your personal insurance coverage plan.

So to know what is the amount of money you have to pay out-of-your-pocket to get the dental infection removed, you should talk to the dentist that accepts the type of dental insurance you subscribed.

Can an abscess in the mouth kill you ?

The percentage of people who died due to a dental abscess is really low; at the same time, an explanation is required.

The tooth abscess is not the direct cause of death but the infection at the base of the dental pathology could.

In 2007 a 12 y. o. guy from Maryland died because bacteria from an abscess infected his brain.

So yes, if you feel tooth pain caused by infection, the infection itself can be deadly if leaved untreated.

Practices to prevent dental and gum abscess

Preventing a dental abscess as well as caries and gum disease is directly connected with adequate oral hygiene practices.

Best oral hygiene practices

  • brushing twice a day (not to hard);
  • flossing once daily especially before to go to sleep;
  • consider the possibility to use fluoride toothpaste that gives your teeth additional protection against tooth decay;
  • rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash (chlorhexidine gluconate is excellent to keep bacteria under control);

Bad habits better to avoid

  • Quit to smoke;
  • Limit alcohol consumption;
  • Do not drink or eat junky or sticky foot (soda, sports drinks high in sugar, potato chips, dried fruits, high calories snacks).

Routine check-ups and professional cleaning at the dentist

We all know that all health problems caught in time can be easier to solve. That’s true for dental infection too.

So we strongly recommend you to visit your dentist office at least twice a year to get your full mouth examination, x-ray exam to discover hidden cavities and your teeth professionally cleaned.

If you still have your wisdom teeth, you should pay more attention on them because they can causes gum infection that may lead to abscess.

FAQs

How do you get rid of a tooth abscess at home? ›

Make a baking soda paste

Baking soda is a quick and effective way to ease an infected tooth. Mix 1/2 tablespoon of baking soda with 1/2 cup of water and a bit of table salt. Swish in your mouth for a few minutes and again until the mixture is gone.

What is a natural antibiotic for tooth abscess? ›

Clove Oil: It has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, which is why it is commonly used in toothaches or dental abscesses. Tea Tree Oil: With antiseptic, antifungal, antibacterial, and healing properties. Lavender oil: helps the healing process with a calming (mild analgesic) and anti-inflammatory effect.

How can I get my dental abscess to go down? ›

Treatment
  1. Open up (incise) and drain the abscess. The dentist makes a small cut into the abscess, allowing the pus to drain out. ...
  2. Do a root canal. This can help get rid of the infection and save your tooth. ...
  3. Pull the affected tooth. ...
  4. Prescribe antibiotics.
29 Jun 2022

What kills infection in tooth? ›

Antibiotics are drugs that can kill bacteria. They're sometimes used to treat tooth infections. Depending on the severity of your infection, you may receive oral antibiotics or intravenous (IV) antibiotics. Your tooth will also need a root canal or extraction along with the antibiotics.

Can salt cure tooth abscess? ›

Saltwater rinse

This easy and affordable solution can provide effective temporary relief of your abscessed tooth. It can also encourage wound healing and healthy gums.

What is the cause of a tooth abscess? ›

A periapical tooth abscess occurs when bacteria invade the dental pulp. The pulp is the innermost part of the tooth that contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. Bacteria enter through either a dental cavity or a chip or crack in the tooth and spread all the way down to the root.

How long can a abscess tooth last? ›

To begin with, a tooth abscess does not go or die down on its own, and professional intervention is crucial to treat a dental abscess. In case a person does not treat a dental abscess in its initial stage, then the infection may last anywhere between 5 months to 12 months or even more.

Can a tooth abscess go away on its own? ›

A dental abscess is a build-up of pus in the teeth or gums caused by an infection. It needs urgent treatment by a dentist. A dental abscess will not go away on its own.

How do you get rid of abscess tooth pain fast? ›

If you can't get in to see your dentist right away, you can take an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) to help with the pain. Rinsing your mouth with warm salt water may also help. You can purchase over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication online.

What are the symptoms of a tooth infection spreading? ›

What Are The Symptoms of a Tooth Infection Spreading to the Body?
  • Feeling Unwell. The first thing you may notice is that you start to feel unwell. ...
  • Fever. Fever is your body's natural defense against infection. ...
  • Swelling. ...
  • Increased Heart and Breathing Rate. ...
  • Dehydration and Stomach Pain.
19 Jan 2019

What happens if tooth infection spreads to jaw? ›

Leaving an infection to spread to your facial bones may eventually necessitate surgical removal to stop it. Even in minor cases, a tooth infection can cause the bone structures of your jaw to weaken, making it hard to support your teeth.

How can I get rid of a tooth infection without antibiotics? ›

Saltwater rinse

Not only does salt help to reduce bacteria, but rinsing with warm salt water can also remove debris from your mouth, break up pus around the tooth, and help ensure proper wound healing. To create a saltwater rinse for a tooth infection, simply mix a half teaspoon of salt with a half cup of warm water.

What is the best antibiotic for a tooth infection? ›

Amoxicillin is usually the first choice for tooth infection treatment. If your tooth infection is more serious, your dentist may prescribe a combination of amoxicillin and another drug called Clavulanate.
...
Penicillins are a group of antibiotics including:
  • Penicillin.
  • Amoxicillin.
  • Amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate.
11 Jan 2022

How fast do tooth abscess grow? ›

Abscesses can develop in as little as one or two days after the first signs of an infection. You may not even be aware of them at first, and if untreated they can grow and last for months or even years.

What is a natural antibiotic? ›

Ginger. The scientific community also recognizes ginger as a natural antibiotic. Several studies, including one published in 2017 , have demonstrated ginger's ability to fight many strains of bacteria. Researchers are also exploring ginger's power to combat seasickness and nausea and to lower blood sugar levels.

Which tooth is connected to the heart? ›

Wisdom teeth, on the other hand, connect to the central nervous system, heart, liver, and intestines. They can also signal high blood pressure, eczema, headache, liver disease, pain in the extremities, and cardiovascular disease.

How do you make natural antibiotics? ›

Ingredients
  1. 24 oz /700 ml apple cider vinegar (always use organic)
  2. ¼ cup finely chopped garlic.
  3. ¼ cup finely chopped onion.
  4. 2 fresh peppers, the hottest you can find (be careful with the cleaning - wear gloves!!!)
  5. ¼ cup grated ginger.
  6. 2 tbsp grated horseradish.
  7. 2 tbsp turmeric powder or 2 pieces of turmeric root.
23 Sept 2015

Does mouthwash help abscess? ›

Magnesium chloride mouthwash: This substance is recommended to relieve infections such as gum abscesses. All you need is magnesium chloride and water. The recipe is simple: you need to mix a teaspoon of magnesium chloride in a glass of water and make a mouthwash with the mixture.

Which is better salt water or mouthwash? ›

Mouthwash can be helpful to freshen your breath and cleanse areas your toothbrush can't reach. However, saltwater rinses are generally cheaper and can be equally effective in improving your oral health and hygiene, says Dr. Chris Kammer, DDS, a dental surgeon.

What are the stages of an abscess? ›

Stages of a tooth abscess:

First stage - Periapical Pathology. Second stage - Parulis. Third stage - Facial Swelling. Fourth stage - Airway Compromise.

How do you know if you have a bacterial infection in your mouth? ›

For bacterial mouth infections, including periodontitis, look out for symptoms including:
  1. Bad breath.
  2. Bitter taste.
  3. Persistent pain.
  4. Sensitive or loose teeth.
  5. Swollen and inflamed gums, neck glands or jaw.
  6. Receding gums or new spaces between your teeth.
  7. Headache.
  8. Fever.

How do I know if I have an abscess on my tooth? ›

Symptoms of an abscess in your tooth or gum may include: an intense, throbbing pain in the affected tooth or gum that may come on suddenly and gets gradually worse. pain that spreads to your ear, jaw and neck on the same side as the affected tooth or gum. pain that's worse when lying down, which may disturb your sleep.

What bacteria causes tooth abscess? ›

The predominant species associated with dental abscess include Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Actinomyces, Peptococcus,Peptostreptococcus, and Porphyromonas as well as Prevotella oralis, Prevotella melaninogenica, and Streptococcus viridans.

What kills gum abscess? ›

Antibiotics. Antibiotic medications are another key part of the standard treatment process for a gum abscess. Oral antibiotics can kill the bacteria causing the infection and keep the infection from spreading or reinfecting the area. This may also reduce swelling and pain in the area.

Can an abscess tooth make you sick? ›

Dental abscesses can also make you generally ill, with nausea, vomiting, fevers, chills, and sweats.

What does an abscess look like? ›

Abscesses usually are red, swollen, and warm to the touch, and might leak fluid. They can develop on top of the skin, under the skin, in a tooth, or even deep inside the body. On top of the skin, an abscess might look like an unhealed wound or a pimple; underneath the skin, it may create a swollen bump.

How serious is a dental abscess? ›

Tooth abscess is absolutely a dental emergency. If you have a tooth abscess, you need to seek treatment immediately. Left untreated, abscess can lead to infection that spreads through the body causing serious and even life-threatening effects. The sooner these issues are treated the better!

What is an abscessed tooth look like? ›

Some visible signs can indicate a tooth abscess. Reddening of the gums can be an indicator, as can swelling, with accompanying tenderness, of the jaw, face, and/or cheek. But tooth abscess symptoms include not only what you can see but what you can feel.

What happens if an abscess bursts in your mouth and you swallow it? ›

It will not do any harm if you swallow the pus. The pus will discharge at night while sleeping, and it is normal. It is not related to incomplete pus drainage. Only a certain limits of pus can be removed by applying pressure.

Which is the best pain killer tablet for toothache? ›

Over-the-Counter Pain Medication

“Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, Advil, Motrin or naproxen work well with dental pain because they reduce inflammation,” says Huang. Recent data has shown the combination of Advil (ibuprofen) and Tylenol (acetaminophen) is as effective as prescription opioids for tooth pain.

How do you stop nerve pain in your tooth? ›

However, people can try the following methods to relieve pain:
  1. Oral pain medication. ...
  2. Cold compress. ...
  3. Elevation. ...
  4. Medicated ointments. ...
  5. Salt water rinse. ...
  6. Hydrogen peroxide rinse. ...
  7. Peppermint tea. ...
  8. Clove.
22 Aug 2019

What antibiotics treat mouth abscess? ›

The most common ones used for an abscess include:
  • Amoxicillin.
  • Azithromycin.
  • Cefoxitin.
  • Metronidazole.
  • Penicillin.
17 Aug 2020

Can tooth infection spread to heart? ›

As such, bacterial infections associated with poor oral health, such as gingivitis and periodontitis, can also spread to the heart. The toxic bacteria can enter the bloodstream and can end up in the heart where they can then cause deadly endocarditis.

Can tooth infection affect brain? ›

There are 3 main ways a brain abscess can develop. These are: an infection in another part of the skull – such as an ear infection, sinusitis or dental abscess, which can spread directly into the brain.

How can you tell the difference between an abscessed tooth and a sinus infection? ›

How can you tell an abscessed tooth from a sinus infection? Sinus pain usually manifests itself as a dull, continuous pain while the pain from an abscessed tooth increases in intensity. If you tap on an abscessed tooth, you will probably feel a sharp jolt of pain.

How do I know if my jawbone is infected? ›

Jawbone infections/dental abscesses are caused when a dental cavity remains untreated.
...
Symptoms of a jaw bone infection or dental abscess include:
  1. Pain in the mouth or jaw.
  2. Redness or swelling.
  3. Drainage of pus from the area.

Can tooth abscess spread to other teeth? ›

If left untreated, a tooth infection can spread to other teeth or even the jawbone, resulting in more significant complications such as abscesses, loss of teeth, and possibly even death if the infection is severe enough.

When should I go to the hospital for an abscessed tooth? ›

Immediate action required: Go to A&E if you have toothache and: the area around your eye or your neck is swollen. swelling in your mouth or neck is making it difficult for you to breathe, swallow or speak.

What herb is good for tooth pain? ›

Natural herbs such as cloves, calendula, yarrow and tarragon can be used to help relieve the pain until you can get to the dentist. For many years, different cultures have counted on herbs to help get the pain of a toothache control and get temporary relief. Yarrow is typically found in Asia, Europe, and North America.

How can I get antibiotics without seeing a doctor? ›

You can not get oral antibiotics, such as amoxicillin and penicillin, without talking to a doctor. That said, you are able to get antibiotics without seeing a doctor in person. A video or phone call is a great way to get prescribed antibiotics from the comfort of your home if it is felt to be needed.

Can I buy antibiotics for tooth infection over the counter? ›

Antibiotics aren't available without a prescription, but there are a few things you can do at home for relief before your appointment, such as: taking over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol)

Can a dentist pull an infected tooth? ›

All dentists are qualified to perform emergency tooth extractions if and when necessary. Tooth extractions are a relatively common oral surgical procedure and may be necessary if your tooth is severely damaged or infected.

What causes tooth abscesses? ›

What causes a tooth abscess? A tooth abscess may be caused by severe tooth decay. It can also occur due to a dental injury such as a chipped or broken tooth. This is because an opening in the tooth's hard outer layer, or enamel, can let bacteria into the tooth, causing infection.

What should you not do with an abscessed tooth? ›

If you experience any dental abscess symptoms, here are some things not to do: Don't delay: See a dental professional as soon as possible. If treated promptly you may be able to avoid having the infected tooth removed. Don't stop your oral hygiene routine: Continue to brush and floss.

What causes an abscess? ›

Causes of abscesses

Most abscesses are caused by a bacterial infection. When bacteria enter your body, your immune system sends infection-fighting white blood cells to the affected area. As the white blood cells attack the bacteria, some nearby tissue dies, creating a hole which then fills with pus to form an abscess.

Can a tooth abscess go away on its own? ›

A dental abscess is a build-up of pus in the teeth or gums caused by an infection. It needs urgent treatment by a dentist. A dental abscess will not go away on its own.

How do you draw out an abscess infection? ›

Treating an abscess

However, larger abscesses may need to be treated with antibiotics to clear the infection, and the pus may need to be drained. This will usually be done either by inserting a needle through your skin or by making a small incision in the skin over the abscess.

How can I get rid of tooth infection without antibiotics? ›

You can't get rid of a tooth infection without antibiotics because home remedies do not get rid of the source of the infection but they may offer pain relief until you can make it to the dentist. In other words, it'll buy you some time and give you some leeway at least in terms of not feeling so much pain.

How long does a tooth abscess last? ›

To begin with, a tooth abscess does not go or die down on its own, and professional intervention is crucial to treat a dental abscess. In case a person does not treat a dental abscess in its initial stage, then the infection may last anywhere between 5 months to 12 months or even more.

How do I know if my tooth infection is serious? ›

A person who has a suspected tooth infection and develops any of these symptoms should seek immediate medical attention:
  1. painful tongue and mouth.
  2. swelling of the face, neck, and cheeks.
  3. itching or burning sensation on the skin.
  4. nausea.
  5. vomiting.
  6. fever.
  7. severe headache.
  8. double vision or loss of vision.
3 Apr 2020

How serious is a dental abscess? ›

Tooth abscess is absolutely a dental emergency. If you have a tooth abscess, you need to seek treatment immediately. Left untreated, abscess can lead to infection that spreads through the body causing serious and even life-threatening effects. The sooner these issues are treated the better!

What are the symptoms of a tooth infection spreading to the body? ›

Signs and Symptoms of a Tooth Infection Spreading to The Body
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • High fever.
  • Confusion.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Drooping eyelids.
  • Pain in the tongue or mouth.
  • Swelling in the face or cheeks.
  • Severe, persistent headache.
7 Sept 2021

What is the best medication for abscess? ›

The most common ones used for an abscess include:
  • Amoxicillin.
  • Azithromycin.
  • Cefoxitin.
  • Metronidazole.
  • Penicillin.
17 Aug 2020

What happens if an abscess bursts in your mouth and you swallow it? ›

It will not do any harm if you swallow the pus. The pus will discharge at night while sleeping, and it is normal. It is not related to incomplete pus drainage. Only a certain limits of pus can be removed by applying pressure.

What are the stages of an abscess? ›

Stages of a tooth abscess:

First stage - Periapical Pathology. Second stage - Parulis. Third stage - Facial Swelling. Fourth stage - Airway Compromise.

What is a natural antibiotic? ›

Ginger. The scientific community also recognizes ginger as a natural antibiotic. Several studies, including one published in 2017 , have demonstrated ginger's ability to fight many strains of bacteria. Researchers are also exploring ginger's power to combat seasickness and nausea and to lower blood sugar levels.

What causes tooth abscesses? ›

A periapical tooth abscess occurs when bacteria invade the dental pulp. The pulp is the innermost part of the tooth that contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. Bacteria enter through either a dental cavity or a chip or crack in the tooth and spread all the way down to the root.

How do you get rid of abscess tooth pain fast? ›

If you can't get in to see your dentist right away, you can take an over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drug, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) to help with the pain. Rinsing your mouth with warm salt water may also help. You can purchase over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication online.

What kills gum abscess? ›

Antibiotics. Antibiotic medications are another key part of the standard treatment process for a gum abscess. Oral antibiotics can kill the bacteria causing the infection and keep the infection from spreading or reinfecting the area. This may also reduce swelling and pain in the area.

Which tooth is connected to the heart? ›

Wisdom teeth, on the other hand, connect to the central nervous system, heart, liver, and intestines. They can also signal high blood pressure, eczema, headache, liver disease, pain in the extremities, and cardiovascular disease.

Can an abscessed tooth make you sick? ›

Dental abscesses can also make you generally ill, with nausea, vomiting, fevers, chills, and sweats.

Videos

1. Treatment of Abscessed Teeth
(American Dental Association (ADA))
2. A Tooth Infection Can Be Deadly ☠️Dental Abscess Pus Drainage
(Joseph R Nemeth DDS & Associates)
3. Dental abscess - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
(Osmosis)
4. tooth abscess home remedy | 10 Home Remedies for a Tooth Abscess
(Natural Home Remedies)
5. Abscessed tooth, Causes, SIgns and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
(Medical Centric)
6. How To Treat a Gum or Tooth Abscess | Colgate®
(Colgate US)

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